Elastic String Theory for a 3-D World (2012)

There is strong evidence that the forces of nature are caused by elastic strings. When nuclear physicists separate quarks, a strong force of attraction develops between them and the greater the separation the greater the force pulling them back together. The gluons...

Gaussian Surface of a Photon (2009)

Elementary charge, q is 186-ether bounded by a photon surface. The photon surface has a mass which conserves its intrinsic elementary charge, q by obeying the charge squared formula. The electric field, E is calculated and related to the photon surface charge density....

Electrons in Atoms (2002)

It has been shown that there is no orbital component of energy of movement of the electron in the atom in the mathematical model of the law of the formation of the spectra of the atoms and the ions. Due to this fact, the concept of the orbital movement of the electron...