Electron Spin and the Emission of Photons (2007)

The awkward spin of an electron escapes rational understanding. But by principles from my previous study, the spin is portrayed as a dual spin?with one spin perpendicular to the other. A dual spin as such serves to explain the emission of photons, along with their...

Elastic String Theory for a 3-D World (2012)

There is strong evidence that the forces of nature are caused by elastic strings. When nuclear physicists separate quarks, a strong force of attraction develops between them and the greater the separation the greater the force pulling them back together. The gluons...

The Gamma Factor Resolved (2011)

The story continues. So the pendulum equation describes photoelectric dynamics. However, I had a problem. The Bohr radius did not match the Rydberg photon radius. Now wait a minute. 2 Rydberg photons yield the Bohr radius. I am on the train to Berlin and thinking...

The Structure of an Electron (2009)

An electron is a type of photon. The shape of an electron is predicted to be a torus. Toroidal rings align to form a fiber. The fiber mass is the mass of a photon or electron or atomic mass units. The central core of the fiber tube is filled with ether. Ether is like...