The 11th Annual Conference of the NPA, April 7-10, 2004

Note: This was the first publication of the NPA Proceedings. Papers from previous conferences were published though partner organizations.

Proceedings of the NPA, Volume 1

Cover of the Conference Proceedings of the 11th Natural Philosophy Alliance

Cover of the Conference Proceedings of the 11th Natural Philosophy Alliance

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NPA Officers

President: Francisco J. Müller, Varela Academy of Science and Philosophy, Miami, Florida
Vice President: Domina Eberle Spencer, Department of Mathematics,University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut
Secretary: Neil Munch, Munch Engineering Corporation, Gaithersburg, Maryland
Treasurer:Mahmoud Melehy, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut
Proceedings Editor: Cynthia Kolb Whitney, Editor, Galilean Electrodynamics

Mission of the NPA, and of the Proceedings of the NPA

The Natural Philosophy Alliance sponsors regular international conferences for presenting high-qualitypapers discussing aspects of philosophy in the sciences. Many papers offer challenges to accepted orthodoxy in the sciences, especially in
physics. Everything from the micro-physics of quantum mechanics to the macro-physics of cosmology is entertained.
Though the main interest of the NPA is in challenging orthodoxy in the sciences, it will also feature papers defending
such orthodoxy. Our ultimate purpose is to enable participants to articulate their own understanding of the truth. All papers are reviewed by society officers, and sometimes by other members, before presentation in conferences, and they are edited, sometimes very significantly, prior to publication in the Proceedings of the NPA.

From the Editor:

Launching this New Serial Publication

This volume represents the beginning of a new venture for the Natural Philosophy Alliance: regular publication of Proceedings under an ISSN dedicated solely to that purpose. It contains papers contributed in 2004, when we held our 11th Annual Conference, 7-10 April, in conjunction with a SWARM regional conference of the AAAS in Denver, Colorado. On earlier occasions, NPA member Hal Fox published proceedings for the NPA in the journal that he edits and publishes: Journal of New Energy (ISSN 1086-8259). Hal devoted a big section of his Vol. 5, No. 2, and the entirety of his Vol. 7, No. 3, to papers from the NPA conferences of 2000 and 2003. These beautiful publications were an enormous encouragement for NPA authors, and we are forever thankful for them. So let me here publicize Hal’s contact information: Journal of New Energy, 3084 E. 3300 South, Salt Lake City, Utah 84109-2154; phone (801) 466-8680, fax (801) 466-8668, e-mail

The first NPA Conference I attended was in 1997, atthe University of Connecticut. There were lots of interesting papers, by lots of interesting people, and I carried all of those papers home in a big suitcase. With another conference every year, the heap of papers grew and grew, and each individual paper became less and less accessible. We all knew we needed to do something, but we could not then manage to do it.

Year 1997 was also the year I started editing and publishing the journal Galilean Electrodynamics. I had taken up that activity when my University of Connecticut friend in Physics, Howard Hayden, retired from it. So 2004 was my sabbatical year editing GED. Year 2004 was also a sabbatical year of sorts for my husband, who had been teaching and researching at MIT for way longer than the requisite number of years. So we flew the coop, and went to Cambridge University in the U.K. for the summer. But ever the workaholics, we equipped ourselves with a laptop computer and went right on doing all the work we love. I learned to run a virtually paperless office. Now I can find things in a hurry. I learned to minimize use of a printer. Now I often make PDF files instead. I grew confident with e-mail. Now I can interact efficiently with authors and reviewers. Advancing technology is a wonderful reward for getting biologically a bit older. Now I can handle much more work than I used to do. And so it has become feasible to launch this new, and much needed, venture.

Hal Fox, and even more his publications director Dineh Torres, have allowed me to develop as the ‘guest editor’ for JNE Vol. 7, No. 3. I learned that conference proceedings are a bit different from journal issues. We don’t often reject things submitted for NPA conferences, and hence for our Proceedings, although we do try in every way possible to get people to be properly polite and respectful of views that are different from their own. Sometimes further negotiation is needed to produce a printable version of a paper for the Proceedings. We don’t ‘close’ the volume when we have ‘enough’ papers ready to publish; we wait for everybody to finish writing. That can take more than a year. We don’t attempt to present the papers in a logical topic sequence; we present them alphabetically by author name. That is done so the individual authors will be easy to find.

No doubt, there is still much more that I have to learn, so now please wish me a good learning curve.

Cynthia K. Whitney

Table of Contents

From the Editor: ‘Launching this New Serial Publication’ 2
Glenn Borchardt, “Ten Assumptions of Science and the Demise of ‘Cosmogony” 3
James Carter, “A New Gravitational Constant” 7
A.C.V. Ceapa, “Einstein’s Special Relativity as Practical Theory” 12
James DeMeo, Ph. D., “A Dynamic and Substantive Cosmological Ether” 15
Eit Gaastra, “An Astronomy Model within an InfiniteUniverse” 21
Vladimir B. Ginzburg, “The Relativistic Torus and Helix as the Prime Elements of Nature” 25
Dr. Robert J. Heaston, “The Characterization of Gravitational Collapse as a Mass-Energy Phase Change” 33
      “The Feeling Formula: A Psychological Equation of State” 37
J.G. Klyushin, “Proton Structure: an Experimental Approach” 43
      “Hydrogen Atom Construction: a ‘Non-Bohr’ Approach” 45
Jaroslav Kopernicky & Wm. L. Hughes,
      “A Challenge to Coulomb’s Law: Implications for Gravity and Matter Structure” 49
Peter Marquardt, “The Potential of Potentials: Old News from a Time-Honored Concept” 57
Peter Marquardt & George Galeczki, “Numerically Correct Results Cannot Save Untenable Physics Theories” 63
Mahmoud A. Melehy, The John Edgar Chappell MemorialLecture:
      “Thermodynamic Basis of Electricity in Cancer Growth and other Systems Changing Structure” 66
Neil E. Munch, “Early Results of NPA’s Opinion Survey” 71
      “Possible Doppler Results from Stellar Emitters Traveling at Super-Luminal Speeds” 77
A.A. Nassikas, “On a Minimum Contradictions Physics” 81
Evert Jan Post, “On the Wages of Copenhagen’s Non-Classical Sins” 85
Roger A. Rydin, “Einstein’s Greatest Blunder” 89
Alexander A. Scarborough, “On the Origin of Hydrocarbon Fuels” 93
      “A New Fourth Law of Planetary Motion and its Ramifications” 97
Harry A. Schmitz, “Mechanics of Particles in the Fractal Cosmos” 100
Domina Eberle Spencer, Uma Shama, Philip Jay Mann,
      “Comparison of the Classical Electromagnetic Theory with the New Gaussian Electromagnetic Theory” 103
      “Comparative Analysis of the Doppler Shift Based on Two Postulates on the Velocity of Light” 107
Billie Westergard, “Structure Formation in the Universe by Spin and Matter Creation” 109
Cynthia K. Whitney, “This is NOT Einstein’s Postulate” 114