Although Maxwell’s most important equations had already appeared throughout his seminal paper entitled “On Physical Lines of Force”, which was written in1861 in Great Britain, it was not until 1864 that Maxwell created a distinct listing of eight equations in a section entitled “General Equations of the Electromagnetic Field” in his follow up paper entitled “A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field”. While Maxwell refers to twenty equations at the end of this section, there are in fact only eight equations as such. Maxwell arrives at the figure of twenty because he splits six of these equations into their three Cartesian components. Maxwell’s eight original equations will be discussed in depth in individual sections throughout this paper.
Keywords: Maxwell’s equations, aether, molecular vortices, electron-positron dipoles, centrifugal force